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Longhorn Cattle
Cattle moved into the Plain states to meet the rising demand for beef

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The Homestead Act Went Into Effect
May 20, 1862

Despite hard times, some farmers succeeded and accumulated more acres. With the railroads creating more access to the East, and a rising demand for beef, ranches prospered too. Between 1860 and 1880, the number of head of cattle in the Plains states rose from 130,000 to 4.5 million! Would you have applied for a homestead and moved west back in 1862?
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