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Jump Back in Time Civil War (1860-1865)
Map of Topeka, Kansas, 1869.
This bird's eye view of the City of Topeka, Kansas in 1869 gives you an idea of the plains of Kansas

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Kansas Entered the Union as a Free State
January 29, 1861

There's no place like home! There's no place like home! Dorothy from "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz" is not the only person to express these feelings about Kansas. So would some 2.6 million Kansans living there today and many more throughout the state's history. Sometimes called the "Sunflower State," "Wheat State," "Jayhawker State," and "Midway, USA," Kansas entered the Union as the 34th state, a free state, on January 29, 1861. Why is it "free"?
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