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Jump Back in Time Colonial America (1492-1763)
Virginia Map
This map was created by Captain John Smith, showing the new settlement of Jamestown, Virginia

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Jamestown Was Established
May 14, 1607

Half of the Jamestown settlers were artisans, craftsmen, soldiers, and laborers, including a tailor, a barber, and two surgeons among them. The other half were "gentlemen," men of wealth who did not have a profession, and who may have underestimated the rough work necessary to survive in the New World. After eight months, only 60 of the 214 pioneers were still alive. Among the survivors was Captain John Smith, adventurer and explorer. Despite the hardships, he kept the colony going with his solid leadership those first two years, as Jamestown grew to 500 with new arrivals from England. After he left in 1609, however, more trouble came.
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