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Jump Back in Time The New Nation (1790-1828)
 
Birdseye view of Chicago, 1913
Bird's eye view of Chicago in 1913, the third largest city in the U.S.

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Illinois Entered the Union as the 21st State
December 3, 1818

The city of Chicago became one of the three largest cities in the U.S. because inventors such as John Deere, with his steel plow, and Cyrus Hall McCormick, with his wheat reaper, set up manufacturing plants in the "Windy City." Rand McNally of Chicago became the world's largest mapmaking company by 1880.

Illinois, particularly Chicago, has many "firsts" and "biggests," like Sears Tower, the tallest building in the United States, and African American Daniel Hale Williams, who performed the first open-heart surgery in 1893. He also helped found Provident Hospital in Chicago in 1891 as an interracial institution where black doctors and nurses, denied access to white institutions, could receive medical training, and where members of Chicago's growing black community could receive care. What other famous events happened in Chicago? What other people do you know from the great state of Illinois?

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