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Jump Back in Time The New Nation (1790-1828)
 
Indian Reservation, Cherokee, N.C.
An Indian reservation in Cherokee, North Carolina in 1909

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Chief Little John and the "Trail of Tears"
October 3, 1790

John Ross was born on October 3, 1790. His Cherokee name was Tsan-Usdi, which means Little John. When he grew up, he became Chief of the United Cherokee Nation.

John Ross and many Cherokee tried to resist the 1830 Indian Removal Act that forced them from their land. Ross made repeated trips to Washington as representative of his people, and he even successfully argued the tribe's case before the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokee people, but President Andrew Jackson refused to send troops to protect the American Indians on their homeland.

Leading his people to the unfamiliar territory of Oklahoma may have been the saddest thing John Ross ever had to do. How would you feel if you were forced to leave your home forever?

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