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The White House, 1814
The White House after the fire of 1814

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The Cornerstone Of The White House Was Laid
October 13, 1792

Thomas Jefferson was among the many people who submitted a plan for the White House. His design, however, was not chosen. Instead, James Hoban, an Irish immigrant architect living in Charleston, South Carolina, won the competition and a $500 prize, with a design modeled after Leinster House in Dublin, Ireland.

Constructed of white-gray sandstone, the presidential mansion was called the White House as early as 1812. President Theodore Roosevelt officially adopted the term in 1901. Over the years, the original building has been expanded, reinforced, set on fire, and rebuilt.

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