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Jump Back in Time Western Expansion & Reform (1829-1859)
 
Major General Winfield Scott. General in chief, United States Army
Major General Winfield Scott who captured the Mexican capital

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The Battle of Buena Vista
February 23, 1847

General Scott invaded Mexico from the sea. At the Battle of Cerro Gordo, he defeated the Mexican army, but, once again, General Santa Anna escaped capture. Despite strong resistance, Scott pressed forward and captured the Mexican capital in September. On February 2, 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in Mexico City, ending the war. Five years later, the Gadsden Purchase set the current boundary between the U.S. and Mexico.

Taylor's victories in the war contributed greatly to his election as president in 1848. Scott also ran for president but was defeated in 1852 by another veteran of the Mexican-American War, Franklin Pierce.

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