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'Rough and Ready' General Taylor
A tobacco label with a portrait of General Zachary Taylor, "Old Rough and Ready," on the battlefield

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The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Was Signed In Mexico City
February 2, 1848

The soldiers in the Mexican War, mostly in their late teens and early 20s, suffered from the intense heat, dust, insects, poor rations, low wages, and disease, which perhaps killed more soldiers than bullets. Mexican soldiers also encountered poor treatment by officers, who were from a wealthy class, while most enlisted men were peasants.

In contrast, U.S. General Zachary Taylor, called "Old Rough and Ready" by the American soldiers, was much more considerate of his troops. He often wore a straw hat with his uniform, looking more like an old farmer than a general. Winfield Scott was nicknamed "Old Fuss and Feathers" for his neat and tidy uniform and strict ways. Both officers led the way to victory, setting the scene for the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

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