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U.S.S. Arizona at height of fire, following Japanese aerial attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
The U.S. Navy took this photo of the U.S.S. Arizona on fire, following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941

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The Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941

President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." On that day, Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory. The bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans. It completely destroyed the American battleship U.S.S. Arizona and capsized the U.S.S. Oklahoma. The attack sank or beached a total of twelve ships and damaged nine others. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 150 others damaged. The attack took the country by surprise, especially the ill-prepared Pearl Harbor base.
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