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Meet Amazing Americans U.S. Presidents Andrew Jackson
1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson
1814 Treaty of Fort Jackson

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From Horseshoe Bend to the Trail of Tears

On August 30, 1813, Creek Indians had killed hundreds of frontier settlers at Fort Mims on the shore of Lake Tensaw, Alabama (then Mississippi Territory). They were trying to get back land taken from them by white settlers. Jackson prevailed against the Creeks, despite less than perfect conditions for his Tennessee and Kentucky militia.

On March 27, 1814, Jackson and his men killed 800 Creeks and captured 500 women and children in the battle at Tohopeka (also known as Horseshoe Bend), Alabama. This decisive victory made Jackson very popular. The Creeks never threatened the frontier again. On August 9, 1814, the Treaty of Fort Jackson was signed, ending the Creek War of 1814 and requiring the Creeks to surrender 23 million acres of their land. What other land battle did Jackson have with Native Americans?

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