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Tenant farmer, Jefferson County, Kansas, 1938
Tenant farmer, Jefferson County, Kansas, 1938

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Kansas Entered the Union as a Free State
January 29, 1861

Kansas entered the union as a "free state," because of the Kansas-Nebraska Act that allowed the residents to decide if their state would allow slavery. Settlers came from the North and the South with strong opinions about slavery, giving rise to "Bleeding Kansas." Acts of violence erupted due to the conflict before the majority made the territory free from slavery in 1859.
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