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Jump Back in Time Colonial America (1492-1763)
Charter for the Virginia Company of London, 1606
This charter for the Virginia Company of London, written in 1606, allowed the company to send people to North America and start the colony of Jamestown

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Jamestown Was Established
May 14, 1607

Weather conditions were rough and supplies were low. Only 60 of the 500 colonists survived the harsh winter that followed Smith's departure. Jamestown, though it possessed a good harbor, was swampy, infested with mosquitoes, and lacked freshwater sources. The people fought against disease, famine, and the Algonquian Indians, whose land the British settlers now claimed. The Algonquian chief, Powhatan, at first allowed the visitors to settle, build, and farm in his territory, but as more and more came, he grew tired of the colonists' expansion on his land. Some of the tribe attacked settlers working in the fields.
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