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Jump Back in Time Gilded Age (1878-1889)
A photo of Deadwood, South Dakota, 1900
Deadwood, South Dakota in 1900, one of the towns that boomed with gold mining

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North Dakota and South Dakota Were Admitted to the Union
November 2, 1889

Other than fur trappers, explorers didn't venture much into the Dakotas until the land came under the possession of the United States with the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. The Lewis and Clark expedition spent the winter in present-day North Dakota in 1804. With the 1832 arrival of the steamboat and the 1862 creation of the Homestead Act, a few people migrated to the area, but tension between the settlers and the Sioux discouraged many. It was the 1874 discovery of gold that brought prospectors pouring into the sacred Black Hills of the Sioux Reservation. That meant trouble.
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