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The Red Room inside the White House
The Red Room inside the White House, where President Hayes took the oath of office

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Rutherford Birchard Hayes Was Born
October 4, 1822

Hayes' first duty was to take the oath of office, which he did secretly in the Red Room of the White House, becoming the first president to be sworn in there.

Rutherford Birchard Hayes was born on October 4, 1822. The Civil War had been over for 12 years by the time Hayes became president in 1877. Once in office, Hayes withdrew all remaining federal troops from the South and designated funds for improvements in the war-torn South. Surprising many, President Hayes also signed the bill that allowed women attorneys to appear for the first time before the U.S. Supreme Court. At least two other "firsts" occurred at the White House while Hayes was president.

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