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Jump Back in Time Progressive Era (1890-1913)
Samuel Holland's repair shop, Park River, North Dakota
Samuel Holland's repair shop and automobile manufacturing plant in Park River, North Dakota

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The First American Automobile Race
November 28, 1895

The Duryeas were not the only people inventing cars. The Stanley twins built a steam-powered vehicle, the "Stanley Steamer," in 1897. The vehicle achieved fame when F.E. Stanley did a mile in 2 minutes 11 seconds on a dirt track with a 30-degree incline. Eventually the "Stanley Steamer" became known as the "Locomobile." By the time Henry Ford incorporated the Ford Motor Company in 1903, the Stanley plant already employed 140 workers.

This is a photo of Samuel Holland's Repair Shop in Park River, North Dakota, where Holland, a native of Norway, built self-propelled motor vehicles in his spare time. In 1904, the local newspaper reported that he built an automobile and may have built as many as eight. One copy of his car is known to exist.

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