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Portrait of W.E.B. Du Bois
African American leader and scholar, W.E.B. DuBois formed an "anti-Bookerite" movement

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Booker T. Washington Speaks at the Cotton States and International Exposition
September 18, 1895

Washington used the opening of the Cotton States and International Exhibition in Atlanta, Georgia, to send his message of industry, patience, and tolerance. Tired of the violence and turbulence that the South experienced during Reconstruction after the Civil War, he talked to blacks about self-help, attaining economic security, and allowing political equality to happen over time. Some African-American leaders, including W.E.B. Du Bois, rejected Washington's emphasis on gradual economic and social advancement in favor of immediate political and intellectual empowerment. Du Bois formed an "anti-Bookerite" movement calling for immediate equality. What do you think of Washington's patient approach to gaining equality?
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