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A painting of Chief Joseph, of the Nez Perce Indians
A painting of Chief Joseph, of the Nez Perce Indians

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Chief Joseph Surrenders
October 5, 1877

Chief Joseph loved his homeland, his people, and peace, but he was tired of running from the U.S. Army. "Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever." On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph spoke these words during his surrender in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana. After a harrowing journey of more than 1,000 miles across Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana, pursued by the federal army, he and his followers surrendered to the troops. They were 40 miles from the Canadian border and freedom.
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