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Jump Back in Time Reconstruction (1866-1877)
Signing the Voting Rights Act, August 6, 1965.
President Johnson signing the Voting Rights Act, August 6, 1965

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14th Amendment to the Constitution Was Ratified
July 28, 1868

It was the 15th Amendment, ratified in 1870, which finally gave African Americans the right to vote. It states that "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." In practice, however, it took almost 100 more years and the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to remove barriers such as poll taxes, literacy tests, and intimidation that prevented African Americans and other people of color from freely exercising their right to vote. Note that the 15th amendment makes no mention of sex. It was not until the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920 that women were explicitly given the vote.
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