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Jump Back in Time Western Expansion & Reform (1829-1859)
'Envious Contemplations,' an illustration from Roughing It
'Envious Contemplations,' an illustration from Roughing It published in 1891

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Samuel L. Clemens (Also Known As Mark Twain) Was Born
November 30, 1835

As a young man, Clemens worked as a typesetter for his brother Orion's newspaper, before he followed his dream and went to pilot paddlewheel steamboats on the Mississippi River. He worked on boats for three years until the outbreak of the Civil War stopped river traffic in 1861.

After that he went to Nevada where Orion had been appointed secretary of the territory. He wrote an account of his journey called Roughing It, which was published in 1872. While in the West, he stayed at a boarding house of a fellow Missourian, Mrs. Lee Summer Whipple-Haslam. When other boarders, thinking Clemens was "wonderful," asked if there were others like him in Missouri, she answered "no," saying "he was a Missouri freak that had broken loose from his hitching post."

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